Chemmeen Biryani /Konju Biryani /Prawns /Shrimp Biryani - Kerala Style

Recipe for Chemmeen/Konju Biryani /Prawns /Shrimp Biryani - Kerala Style

Ingredients :

For Rice :
Basmati rice : 2 cups
Water : 4 cups
Cloves : 4 nos
Cardamom pods : 2 nos
Cinnamon stick : 2 (1" pieces)
Bay leaves : 1 (optional)
Onion : 1 (big, finely sliced)
Lemon juice : 1 tsp
Salt to taste

For Marinating :
Prawns : 1.1 lb /1/2 kg (deshelled, devined and washed)
Red chilly powder : 1 tsp
Coriander powder : 1/2 tsp
Turmeric powder : 1/4 tsp
Ginger Garlic paste: 1 tsp
Lime juice : 1/2 tsp
Salt to taste
Ghee/Oil for frying

For Prawn Masala :
Onion : 2 (medium, thinly sliced)
Green chillies : 8-10 or to your spice level
Ginger : 1"pieces
Garlic : 5 cloves (big)
Red chilli powder : 1 tsp
Coriander powder : 1 tbsp
Turmeric powder : 1/4 tsp
Briyani masala : 2 tsp
Mint leaves : 1/4 cup (chopped)
Cilantro/Corainder leaves : 1/4 cup (chopped)
Ghee/oil : 2 tbsp

For Garnishing :
Fried Onion : 1/2 cup
Coriander leaves : Handful
Saffron : 1-2 strand
Warm milk : 2 tsp

Method of Preparation :

Cooking the Rice:

1. Soak the rice for 30mins and drain keep it aside.
2. Heat the ghee/oil in the pan,add sliced onions,all spices and saute for few mins; now add the drained rice and saute till rice combines well with all spices.
3. Boil the required water,add flavored rice,and cook the rice for 8-10mins.(uncovered)
4. When rice done drain the excess water immediately.
5. Sprinkle the lime juice.

Cooking the Prawns :
1. Clean the prawns and make a wet marinate with above mentioned marinate ingredients; apply it on prawns and keep it in the refrigerator for half an hour.
2. Make a paste of garlic,ginger and green chillies and set aside.
3. Heat a oil in the frying pan and shallow fry the prawns; drain the excess oil in the paper towel and keep it aside.
4. In same frying pan, add thinly sliced onion to left over oil and saute until it is translucent,add the ginger,garlic,green chilli paste, saute until brown color,now add chopped corainder,mint leaves and combine well.
5. Add briyani masala,turmeric powder,red chilli powder,coriander powder,salt to taste and combine well until the raw smell is gone.
6. Add fried prawns and mix well; if the gravy dry then add 3tbsp of water. (if needed).
7. Cover & Cook on low flame for about 5mins and wait till oil starts to separate and adjust salt.

Preparing for garnish :
1. Mix saffron strand in warm milk and keep it aside.

Final Cooking and Layering :

Cooking in Oven :

1. Preheat oven to 350 degree F/180 degree C.
2. In a oven proof dish, grease your cooking dish and spread half of the prawn/shrimp masala and with some cooked rice,
3. Sprinkle briyani masala ,fried cashews, raisins, fried onions and chopped coriander leaves and mint leaves, sprinkle left over ghee and few drops of saffron milk over the rice as the final layering. Repeat this process.
4. Close with tight fitting heat resistant lid or close it with aluminium foil, crimp along the side and and bake it for 20 mins.
5. When it is done, remove and keep the dish covered until serving.

Cooking in Stove top - Dum Method :

1. Make a dough out of the wheat flour / maida with little water, the same way you would do it for chappathi and set it aside.
2. Place flat cast iron skillet or tawa on the lowest burner of your stove. The flame should be at the lowest setting.
3. Layer the prawn masala and rice; sprinkle biryani masala , fried cashews & raisins, fried onions and chopped coriander leaves and mint leaves, sprinkle left over ghee and few drops of saffron milk and  over the rice as the final layering. Repeat this process.
4. Close with tight fitting lid seal the edges of the lid with above prepared dough. (Note : There should not be even the slightest opening) (or) if you don't prefer sealing it dough, then close it tight fitting lid and place the biryani vessel on top of the iron skillet or tawa and cook on for 15 mins and turn off the flame.
5. Let it rest unopened on tawa for another 15 mts and break open the seal; now dum is also done.

Serve hot with Raita, Pickle  and Pappadam on the side and Enjoy!

Related Posts :
Meen/Fish Biryani
Neychoru/Ghee rice
Chicken Biryani
Egg Biryani
Microwave Mushroom Biryani

Happy Cooking !


  1. lovely presentation and gr8 recipe too

  2. my fav. love the presentation

  3. I love prawns.... When I order food from outside for a delivery...especially from Beijing Bites... that's the rice I place an order for... I ought to try it at home....


  4. my favourite!!!!!! wow... looks so tempting.

  5. Ohhhhh kothiyavunnu....adipoli......

  6. serikum kothiyavunnunde ! good one!

  7. Dear Sangeetha
    Very nice dish..and so fast and easy to make..I note that you haven't used jeera any where and used coriander powder..I think it will have a unique flavor..garam masala, prawn and coriander powder...hmmmm..will try..time to take a break from Indo chinese fried rice, soya, ginger garlic et al.

  8. wow sangeetha it looks mouthwatering,wonderful pic and well presented it too...would love to have that one

  9. That looks and sounds amazingly delicious!

    There is something that you don't know about me, Sangeetha!!! I'm a vegetarian who eats seafood but I've been on vegan diet since Oct. This dish makes me hungry for prawns, YUM!

  10. Sanghii..sherikkum kothi varunnu..looks great and mouthwatering pics..

  11. Oh adipoli .....lovely presentation.
    Sangeede favouritealle..adichupolicho

  12. with prawn i mostly make indo chinese fried rice , if at all it is a rice dish with prawns....
    this biryani looks delectable....worth trying!!

  13. OMG! Prawn Biryani! So awesome! It's really marvelous and excellent! I'd have it for dinner tonight!

  14. woww......superb dear!!!..looks so delicious....feeling hungry nw...tempting pics!

  15. oh!!! adipoli...
    kothi vannittu vayya....
    njan innu biriyani anallo post...[:)]...

  16. Prawn biryani seems so delicious. nice click.

  17. Anu Deepak5:28 AM

    Hey sangee, that looks delicious, mouthwatering.I love shrimps, but never tried biryani...will try this soon.Thnks for sharing.

  18. Lovely recipe and perfectly done biryani and superb click...its mind blowing...ur recipe is same as mine.

  19. wow...looks yummy

  20. wow...looks yummy

  21. This looks so yummy and I love your presentation :D

  22. That is one great recipe. Simply Irresistible. Love ur presentation.

  23. wow i love prawns,that too prawn biryani hmmmmm it's been a long time since i ate it.Thanks for sharing the recipe sangee.It appears so inviting,

  24. my fav..i love this recipe...i was away for a few days njaan thirich ethiyappozhekum ivide recipe nte bandaram ayichuvittath pole..
    very nicely ur masala dosa too

  25. oh wow..prawn biryani..looks very tempting.

  26. Prawn biryani looks soooper yummmm....nicely presented...

  27. Eeeei same too, love prawns, thanks for those lovely words at my blog, my friend. This biriyani platter looks gorgeous...a good variation for me, will try this weekend itself.

  28. My boy loves this food and I used to prepare at least once in 2 weeks and I prepare in a simple way compared to urs and ur way looks great and will give try..

  29. Tried ur ghee rice...adipoli ayirunnu...thank u da

  30. kothiyavunnee...Sangee, this looks excellent...Hope you are fine now :-)

  31. wow - looks too good! Yummo!

  32. Thank u preety,Sailaja,Asha,preeti vijay,Tina,Muraligeetham,ushnish,Sushma,oraphan,sree,latha,sangeeta,Nandhini,priya,sarah,viki kitchen,anu,pooja,Nima,anncoo,Dolly,San,Saju,SE(denufood),Vrinda,Malar,swarna,sangi,Nami,Home cooked oriya food,Thank u all guys for ur encouraging comments.Do try this recipe..Am sure u will like it.:)

  33. mouthwatering prawns biriyani! valare nannayittundu...

  34. Sangi thank u very much keto..I feel really wonderful when people try recipe and appreciate it. I can say u made my day!

    Thank u lissie for sweet and encouraging comments :)

  35. maheshwari8:45 AM

    Hi kothiyavunu,
    I saw your blog for the first time and I tried this recipe.It came out very well…my family enjoyed it.Thanks for sharing.
    Today, I will be trying the prawns curry..Hope it comes out well...will let u know..Following u.

  36. Mashewari ur feedback made my day....that was so nice of you to leave such a generous feedback...glad to know that u liked prawn biryani and thanks for letting me know that.Do try prawns curry and let me know..i am sure u like it.:)

  37. Roshini9:55 AM

    As usual one yummy recipe...Was preparing for a party and was racking my brains for the Entree.... I knew I could count on your blog!!!....I stuck to your exact measurements and for the first time in my life made Biriyani ;) All thanks to you.... Everyone loved it and recived rave praises.... Thanks a bunch and keep pumping out those wonderful recipes :)!!!!!

  38. Hello Roshini,
    Thanks a ton dear for such a lovely comment :) I'm glad to know that you count the recipes posted here very much and very happy to know that it came out well for you and your guests enjoyed this dish :) Once again thanks for trying and sharing your feeback here.

    Hope you get to try other recipes too and like them too.
    Happy Cooking!

  39. Anonymous9:38 AM


    I tried Prawn biriyani recipe today. It was wonderful. Thank u so much.
    I liked ur presentation .

    1. Hello, I’m so glad to hear you enjoyed the prawn biryani and that they turned out so well for you! That’s so nice of you to say about my presentation, thanks :-)! Please do try other recipes when time permits.


  40. Anjana1:43 PM

    Thank u soo much...I really liked your recipe...I tried twice and it was a hit...


It was wonderful having you here :-) Thanks for taking time to leave your feedback. Your words are my inspiration!

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